The Kingdom of Tonga is made up of 172 coral and volcanic islands with a total land area of 747km², spreading over 360,000km² of sea area. The majority of Tongan households rely mainly on subsistence agriculture (include crops, livestock, forests and fisheries) to provide food for household consumption and to market for incomes for the families. Key commodities are root crops, squash and vanilla. However, from the agriculturally active households 95% were engaged in subsistence and semi-subsistence agricultural activities and only 5% in commercial activities. Imports of food items also play a major role in the diets of the Tongan households. The reliance on imported foods has further made Tonga vulnerable to global commodity price shocks as experienced in the recent years.

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